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Archive of Marie Stopes & her Campaigning Mother

Archive of Marie Stopes & her Campaigning Mother by STOPES, Marie; Charlotte Carmichael Stopes; James Ferrier Carmicael (1850)
Author: STOPES, Marie; Charlotte Carmichael Stopes; James Ferrier Carmicael
Title: Archive of Marie Stopes & her Suffragist Mother
Year: 1850
Publisher: Unpublished
Place: Edinburgh
Dust Jacket: No
Signed: No
Price: £2500
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Added under Manuscripts  

Birth control pioneer and sexologist Marie Stopes's personally curated archive of her Scottish Carmichael forebears including a portrait in oils of her mother the women's rights campaigner Charlotte Carmichael painted by her grandfather the Scots landscape artist James Ferrier Carmichael.

The collection is housed in a large portfolio on which Marie Stopes has written 'M C Stopes - art' as well as adding explanatory annotations to many of the works. Thus a portrait of Charlotte Carmichael has Stopes's note: 'By [James Ferrier] Carmichael - of mother etc - done in 1850? The stool is the one I still have'. Clearly Stopes took on the role of family archivist, preserving images of her distinguished Carmichael forebears and including in the portfolio just a single drawing of her own. Provenance: from the estate of Marie Stopes's son the philosopher Henry Stopes-Roe. Of the 30 or so items included, the most significant, in reverse chronological order are:

ANN DURWARD Marie Stopes's great-grandmother
'1st Drawings & Paintings from Nature 1786': single sheet with coloured nature studies on both sides

JAMES FERRIER CARMICHAEL(1810-1854) Scottish Landscape Artist: Grandfather of Marie Stopes

1 'Oil picture by grandfather of mother, later Mrs Charlotte Carmichael Stopes' (note by Marie Stopes to verso) Small oil on canvas, unframed, showing the infant Charlotte Carmichael sitting in a miniature armchair. Contained within a large envelope addressed to Marie Stopes at Norbury Park. (29x39cm)

2. 'Drawing of Charlotte Carmichael by her father the artist James Ferrier Carmichael she later became the wife of Henry Stopes and mother of Dr Marie Stopes' (MS label by Marie Stopes to verso) A large pencil portrait on board of Charlotte Carmichael standing and gesturing forward as a child, perhaps two years old. The image is rubbed with some loss to image (48x33cm).

3. 'By Carmichael - of mother etc - done in 1850? The stool is the one I still have' (Marie Stopes note to verso) A single sheet bearing three pencil drawings (27x22cm) depicting Charlotte Carmichael as an infant and a man tilling crops.

4. 'Charlotte Carmichael aged 7 By her father' (MS note) charcoal and colour on paper, mounted. (25x32cm)

5. Two further bucolic watercolours and a large pencil drawing of a young horseman talking to a little girl also appear to be the work of James Ferrier Carmichael.

CHARLOTTE CARMICHAEL-STOPES (1840-1929) scholar, author, campaigner for women's rights: Marie Stopes's mother.

(A sequence of 5 pencil designs for architectural details each with tissue guard, signed Charlotte Carmichael.)

1. Study for design of fountain, pencil on paper with tissue guard. (27x41cm), signed Charlotte Carmichael

2. Acanthus scrolls, architectural detail, pencil on paper (40x24cm)

3. Stylised Iris, pencil on paper(45x30cm)

4. Foliate design, perhaps for carving with tissue guard (40x20cm)

5. Foliate design, perhaps architectural, with tissue guard (40x27cm)

6. Four watercolours of conventional pastoral scenes with ruined buildings - one annotated to verso by Marie Stopes as her mother's work.

HENRY STOPES, father of Marie Stopes (1852-1902): brewer, architect and amateur palaeontologist

Architectural engraving of 'New Malthouse East Moors Cardiff... Plans Revised H. Stopes. London. May 1886' (35x23cm)

'Marie Stopes Line sketch 1 1/4 hrs.' Pencil on paper study of a jug and three dimensional figure (24x17cm)

Further drawings by CARMICHAEL family members include works by Ellen S Carmichael c1865; H S Carmichael - 'A view near Balquidder' - presumed aunt/ uncle of Marie Stopes; 'Christine' river crossing pencil drawings; 'HSC' Landscape drawing, pencil on paper, perhaps Italy, 'HSC 1865' (43x29cm). There are several late Victorian watercolours of plush domestic interiors, possibly Marie Stopes's childhood home.

Provenance: This book comes from the collection of the scientist and pioneer birth-control campaigner Marie Stopes (1880-1958) which was inherited by her son the philosopher Harry Stopes Roe (1924-1914) and sold following the death of his widow Mary Stopes Roe in May of this year. Mary was herself the daughter of the engineer and inventor of the bouncing bomb, Sir Barnes Wallis.
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